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Headlines Cuba


A Rampant Vagitarian
I thought I´d start a new topic concerning a little country called Cuba. I am starting to grow an interest on this typical country, mainly because of its survival next tothe US of A.

Cuba is in illegal embargo by the USA. The Rome announcement (not sure about the english term?) in 1996 is the legislation US is breaking. It says that "food or medical goods cannot be used as means of political or financial "strong-arm-tactics".
When Kennedy tried to organize a collective acts against Cuba in 61 he asked Mexico to join them. A mexican diplomat replied that: "If we were to publically announce that Cuba is a threth to our safety 40 million mexicans would die of laughter."

your views on this charming country.

btw. USA has also stated out their grief on the embargo, american businessmen were sad, as they could not get ´em big cigars from anywhere.
Here's some facts of Cuba I have found.
Please let this end all the lies from the Cuban exiles about how bad Cuba is and whatnot. All these statistics come from

UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNDP - United Nations Development Programme
UNSD - United Nations Statistics Division
EPICA - Ecumenical Program in Central America and the Carribean
CIA World Factbook

So what are the exiles response to this? No way the United Nations woud be making these statistics up.

Literacy Before & After The Revolution
1952 59%
2005 97%

Life Expectancy Before & After The Revolution
1955 59.4 years
2005 76.6 years

Infant Mortality* Before & After The Revolution
1958 60
2005 5.8
* The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a
given year per 1,000 live births in the same year.

Infant Mortality Rate*
Haiti 93.35
Bolivia 57.52
Guyana 38.37
Peru 38.18
Dominican Republic 33.41
Ecuador 33.02
Nicaragua 32.52
Honduras 30.48
Paraguay 28.75
El Salvador 27.58
Mexico 24.52
Trinidad & Tobago 24.20
Suriname 23.48
Colombia 23.21
Panama 19.57
Argentina 17.20
Dominica 15.94
Grenada 14.63
Jamaica 13.71
French Guinana 13.22
Barbados 11.71
Costa Rica 10.87
Puerto Rico 9.30
United States 7.00
Cuba 5.80

Youth Literacy Rate
Haiti 67.0%
Honduras 86.4%
Brazil 95.8%
Colombia 97.2%
Mexico 97.4%
Argentina 98.7%
Cuba 99.8%

Adult Literacy
Haiti 45%
St Lucia 67%
Dominican Republic 82%
French Guiana 83%
Bolivia 83%
Brazil 83%
Jamaica 85%
Peru 88%
Puerto Rico 89%
Ecuador 90%
Venezuela 91%
Colombia 91%
Paraguay 92%
Suriname 93%
Chile 95%
Argentina 96%
Cuba 97%

Human Poverty Index*
Haiti 42.3%
Honduras 20.5%
Brazil 12.2%
Mexico 9.4%
Colombia 8.9%
Cuba 4.1%
* Lower is better.

Persons Per Doctor
Haiti 15,100
Honduras 1,850
Colombia 1,100
Brazil 825
Dominican Republic 795
United States 470
Cuba 290

Persons Per Hospital Bed
Haiti 14,115
Honduras 950
Colombia 690
Dominican Republic 670
Brazil 322
United States 280
Cuba 200

Unemployment Rate
Haiti 70%
Guadeloupe 27.8%
Argentina 25%
French Guiana 21%
Suriname 20%
Paraguay 17.8%
Colombia 17%
Uruguay 15.2%
Dominican Republic 15%
Venezuela 14.1%
Ecuador 14%
Trinidad & Tobago 11.8%
Chile 10.1%
Puerto Rico 9.5%
Guyana 9.1%
Peru 9%
Bolivia 7.6%
Canada 7.2%
Brazil 6.4%
United States 5.8%
Cuba 4.1%

Inflation Rate
Suriname 59.00
Ecuador 22.00
Haiti 14.00
Venezuela 12.30
Brazil 7.70
Colombia 7.60
Paraguay 7.20
Jamaica 6.90
Mexico 6.50
Guyana 6.00
Puerto Rico 5.70
Dominican Republic 5.00
Argentina 4.00
Uruguay 3.60
Chile 3.50
United States 3.00
Canada 2.80
French Guinana 2.50
Bolivia 2.00
Peru 1.50
Cuba 0.50

Proportion of Population with Access to Improved Sanitation
(Urban and Rurual)
Haiti 28%
Mexico 74%
Honduras 75%
Argentina 82%
Colombia 86%

Women In Parliamentary Seats
Haiti 4%
Honduras 6%
Brazil 9%
Colombia 12.2%
United States 14%
Mexico 15.9%
Argentina 31.3%
Cuba 36%
Other Facts

Cuba is among the top five Latin American countries in protein and calorie intake.

Cuba has compulsory education through the ninth grade and available to 12th grade to all youth; university enrollment exceeding 200, 000 with another 90, 000 students graduating annually from one of 600 technical and professional training institutes -- all absolutely free.

The average Cuban worker has ten years of education; one of every ten scientists in Latin America and the Caribbean is in Cuba (although Cuba makes up only 2% of the region's population).

In Cuba, 50% of all skilled workers or professionals (including physicians) are women & 29% of management positions are held by women.

Ninety-four percent of the population has electrical service in Cuba, surpassing the rest of Latin America and the Caribbean by some 20%. Television reaches even remote mountain areas and Cuban radio covers the entire island.

The Cubans have built formidable pharmaceutical, genetic engineering and biotechnology industries, and have twenty scientific research centers investigating products from inexpensive pharmaceuticals to "green medicine."

The majority of Cubans own their homes. During the urban reforms in the early sixties, those Cubans paying rent to landlords who had fled to Miami, continued to pay the same rent to the State for a period of 5 to 10 years after which time the house or apartment became theirs. Servants who lived in the houses of the rich paid rent to the State and became owners of those homes after a period of years. New homes were bought with a government mortgage for approximately $5, 000 (with a 2% to 4% interest rate payable over 20-30 years, paid off at no more than 10% of the chief breadwinner's income).

Gas bills in Cuba average 2-4 pesos (8-16 cents) a month; electricity 5-7 pesos (20-28 cents) a month; telephone 6-8 pesos (24-32 cents) a month, the first 300 minutes being free. As you can see, all these services are subsidized by the State.

In 1999, the Latin American Laboratory for the Evaluation of Educational Quality (LLECE) tested 4, 000 students in third and fourth grades in 100 randomly selected schools in 14 Latin American countries. Cuba's Elementary Education came out on top. The Cuban children scored 350 points on a scale of 400. Despite the economic blockade, the State maintained free education with a 1, 585 billion pesos educational budget in 1999. School enrollment is 100% on the elementary level, and 95% on the secondary level. There is one teacher per 40 children compared to one per 103 in the world. While in 1959 Cuba had only 3 Universities, it now has 47 which have graduated 600, 000 students. In 1952, less than 50% of Cuban children went to school, over 40% of the population was illiterate, and 10, 000 of the existing 25, 000 teachers were unemployed. Now, every child has access to free education, remains in school through 6th grade, and then continues on with secondary education. In most Latin American countries 50% of all enrolled children leave by 4th grade.

A divorce usually takes about 3 months in Cuba and costs $5. Everything is split equally between the separating couple. If there are children involved, the ex-husband has to pay 10% of his wages as alimony, and usually leaves the house so that his ex-wife and children can live in it.

In Cuba, sovereignty resides in the people. Over 97% of the people eligible to vote, vote in an electoral system which serves to nominate and then elect those best suited to fulfill their position. There are three Assemblies: the Municipal Assembly, the Provincial Assembly, and the National Assembly. In the Municipal Assembly, neighbors nominate their candidates who are finally selected by secret ballot vote by the entire constituency. The fact that candidates are not nominated by the Communist Party but by the people themselves, itself marks the democratic nature of the process. In the same way, the election of the members for the Provincial and National Assemblies are selected by secret ballot vote by the people directly. The last electoral process in Cuba began in June 1997 and finished on Feb. 24th, 1998. The previous election took place 5 years earlier, 1992/1993. The election process has two phases: it consists of (1) electing the delegates for the Municipal Assembly, and (2) electing the deputies to the Provincial and National Assemblies.

The Cuban Constitution (discussed and created through numerous public meetings and adopted by secret ballot in a referendum in 1976) states, in the First Article of the Electoral System, Article 131, that: "All citizens with the legal capacity to do so, have the right to take part in the leadership of the State, directly or through their elected representatives to the bodies of People Power, and to participate for this purpose and as prescribed by law in the periodic elections and people's referendums through free, equal, and secret vote." In Cuba, you will find grass-roots democracy never seen anywhere else in the world, where the people themselves nominate their candidates for election. A candidate must get more than 50% of a secret ballot vote to get elected. Even Fidel Castro has to get 50% of a secret ballot vote to represent the electorate. Every candidate nominated faces the electorate on his/her own merit.

The Communist Party is forbidden by law to play any role in the elections. The only publicity allowed candidates is a posted biography with a photograph of the candidate. They are not allowed to spend money on furthering their chances for selection. Neither are State organizations permitted to issue statements favoring any candidate.

In order to join the Partido Comunista Cubano (PCC - Cuban Communist Party), Cubans must be chosen as model workers by their co-workers.

Cuba's highest leadership body is the Council of State, of which Fidel Castro is the elected President. He was last elected on February 24th, 1998 (all 601 deputies of the National Assembly, by secret ballot vote, chose him to be the President).

Despite all the media coverage of all the people leaving by boat, by percentage, few Cubans actually leave Cuba, and there are many issues involved. Firstly, before the Cuban Revolution the United States gave very few Cubans visas to come to the United States, but after the revolution the doors were opened wide. Secondly, the United States has held an unjust trade embargo against Cuba for 40 years (which has been condemed several times in the United Nations by almost every country in the world) which has caused the people of Cuba to suffer. Finally, the United States enacted the 'Cuban Adjustment Act', the only act of its kind anywhere in the world, which grants residency to anyone, no matter if they are a criminal or not, who leaves Cuba and reaches the United States in any fashion. Imagine if the same act applied to all of Latin America! How many people from other countries would leave for the United States? How many people leave places like Mexico and the Dominican Republic now?


Chaotic Neutral
As FCC just pointed out Cuba is doing better than alot of other latino american countries who are technically capitalistic.

Most Cuban exiles in the US who arrived in the '50s or '60s are ex-landlords and Batista sympathizers who were dead rich in the Batista regime and lost their land and wealth after the land revolution.


Oppressing your posts...

ok, everyone relax and stay calm and no one gets hurt.. this is a thread jacking.. I'm taking this thread to cuba and you cant stop me....
Still, one needs to consider that Cuba, as an island country, is a lot easier to manage compared bigger countries such as Canada and the US. Not just because it has a smaller population and smaller land mass, but also the number of brilliant (and uncorrputed) minds it takes to make it run efficiently.


A Rampant Vagitarian
Has anyone elsee seen the same correlation between the statistics of the poorer countries and USA?

In countries that have a military government supported by the USA or if the country is just "helped" by US along the way they are on the top end of the chart. The most sadexamle is Nigaracua, which was amongst the most fastest growing latin american countries, before USA started it long, unjustified terror on them (from which USA has also vbeen found guilty; international terrorism)
But I have shouted it out a dozen times before. Another interesting example is Guatemala, which government, an extreme militant one, was supported by the US. There are proven_right stories from there that re beyond distasteful, horrible and inhumane.
For example. A man comes home from work. A day or two before he had said a cross word aimed at the gov´t of G and USA. What he finds from his home is next: His two kids, 3 and 6, and his wife, all have bee decaputated, they have been raised to the stools, as if they are sitting in there, and in their front a set of plates. All of which has a head on them.
This was done by the "security police". Sucuritate was nothing compared to this. Yet no-one hears from this shit. These people run free, but Ceasescu was shot during live tv-trial.